The United States law prohibits employers from discriminating against their employees because of age. The Federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act was passed by the government to make sure employers are kept under check and respect their employees. Under this law, employees of all ages should have the same opportunities to receive training and succeed at the organization.
The ADEA primarily protects employees that are above the age of 40. According to the law, employees have no right to make important decisions such as hiring, firing, and promotions based on the employee’s age. However, the act is only applicable for organizations that have employed more than 20 employees. Furthermore, it is also stated that any decision that demoralizes employees above the age of 40 can be contested and termed as discriminatory.
The law does, however, provide concessions and exceptions for companies that have hired less than 20 employees. Some of these companies may place restrictions of age if they have a legitimate reason. For example, jobs that require extensive physical work are more suitable for younger people. In these cases, the ADEA does not restrict companies from having age restrictions. But if they have already hired someone above the age of 40, they must provide all the required benefits. All employees must receive equal benefits regardless of age.
Employees who feel that their employer is not protecting their rights and discriminates on the basis of age may want to hire an attorney. The attorney will help them understand their rights and file a complaint according to ADEA.